Today is Rabindranath Tagore's 159th Jayanti.  He was the first non-European to win Nobel Prize in Literature. Rabindranath Tagore was a poet, musician, polymath, Ayurveda-researcher, and an artist.

Tagore was born in the year 1268, according to the Bengali calendar and 1861 AD, as per the Gregorian calendar (Born on May 7, 1861, the Bard of Bengal). Celebrated annually and globally in May, Rabindranath Tagore Jayanti falls on the 25th day of the Bengali month of Boishakh.  Tagore was referred to as ‘Gurudev’, ‘Kabiguru’, and ‘Biswakabi’. Rabindranath Tagore was also referred to as 'the Bard of Bengal'. The day is celebrated on a large scale at Shanti Niketan in Birbhum, West Bengal, primarily at Visva-Bharati University which was established by him.


Tagore was much ahead of his time and his works were loved not only in India but across the world. His much-acclaimed work 'Gitanjali', which was first published in 1910 and later translated and published into English in 1912, won him the prestigious Nobel Prize in Literature in 1913 for "his profoundly sensitive, fresh and beautiful verse, by which, with consummate skill, he has made his poetic thought, expressed in his own English words, a part of the literature of the West."


Tagore was born as Robindronath Thakur on May 7, 1861, in Calcutta, Bengal Presidency, British India(present-day Kolkata, West Bengal, India). Tagore mother Sarada Devi died when he was a child. Tagore's father  Debendranath Tagore traveled a lot. Tagore's oldest brother Dwijendranath was a philosopher and poet. Tagore's brother Satyendranath was the first Indian to be appointed in the Indian Civil Service. Tagore another brother Jyotirindranath, was a musician, composer, and playwright while sister Swarnakumari was a novelist. 



Tagore married Mrinalini Devi in 1883 who was 10 years. The couple had 5 children (2 died in early childhood). 


Tagore's brother Hemendranath taught him anatomy, geography and history, literature, mathematics, Sanskrit, and English. At the age of 11, after his Janeu, he accompanied his father on a tour across India. Before reaching the Himalayan hill station of Dalhousie, Tagore visited his father's Santiniketan estate and stayed in Amritsar for a month. In Dalhousie Tagore read biographies, studied history, astronomy, modern science, Sanskrit, and examined the classical poetry of 'Kalidasa'. In 1878, Rabindra Nath Tagore enrolled himself at a public school in England because his father wanted him to be a barrister.  He began studying the works of Shakespeare in his college. In 1880 when he returned to Bengal without a degree, he was inspired to produce his own literary works by fusing the elements of Bengali and European traditions, and he started publishing poems, stories, and novels.  Although he didn't receive any recognition at the national level but became famous in Bengal. In 1882, Tagore made his debut with a short story in Bengali 'Bhikarini'.  One of his most acclaimed poems titled Nirjharer Swapnabhanga was published in 1882. 

Tagore was a prolific songwriter who composed 2,230 songs categorized as Rabindra Sangeet, while Gitanjali is considered Tagore’s tour de force. Tagore's also credited with writing several volumes of short stories, and novels including works such as Gora, Ghare-Baire, and Yogayog. 

In 1890, Tagore started manging his ancestral estates in Shelaidaha (present-day in Bangladesh) and his wife joined him in 1898 with their children. Tagore released one of his best poems 'Manasi' in 1890. Tagore wrote more than half of the stories of 'Galpaguchchha' during 1891-1895.

In order to challenge conventional methods of classroom education, Tagore established a university of his own, where he wanted humanity to be studied “somewhere beyond the limits of nation and geography”. In 1901, Rabindranath Tagore moved to Santiniketan where he found 'The Mandir' which was an experimental school having trees, gardens, and libraries.

Albert Einstein met four times with Rabindranath Tagore between 1930 and 1931 and mutually revered each other for each other’s contributions.

Tagore is the only known person to have written the national anthems for two different countries - Jana Gana Mana, the national anthem for India; and Amar Sonar Bangla, the national anthem for Bangladesh.  The Sri Lankan national anthem too was based on a Bengali song originally written by Tagore in 1938. It was translated into Sinhalese and adopted as the national anthem in 1951.

The Nobel prize awarded to Rabindranath Tagore was stolen from a museum in the Uttarayan complex in Shanti Niketan in march 2004. Later a new medal reissued to Tagore on his birth centenary.

After years of chronic pain, Tagore died on August 7, 1941, at the age of 80 years. Rabindranath Tagore took his last breath in the mansion he was brought up. While in 1937 Tagore began losing consciousness and remained in a coma for a long period. Tagore began losing consciousness and remained in a coma for a long period.