Born: 23 July 1906
Died: February 27, 1931


Achievements: Indian revolutionaries, Kakori train robbery (1926), Viceroy's attempt to blow the train (1926), fired on Saunders to avenge the death of Lala Lajpat Rai (1928), together with Bhagat Singh, Sukhdev and Rajguru Hindustan Samajwadi Republic formed.

Chandrashekhar Azad was a great Indian revolutionary. His fierce patriotism and courage inspired the people of his generation to participate in the freedom struggle. Chandrasekhar Azad was an advisor to Bhagat Singh, and a great freedom fighter and Bhagat Singh is considered one of the greatest revolutionaries of India.

Early Life

Chandrasekhar Azad was born on 23 July 1906 in Badar village of Unnao district, Uttar Pradesh. His father was Pandit Sitaram Tiwari and mother Jagarani. Pandit Sitaram Tiwari was then serving in the princely state of Alirajpur (currently located in Madhya Pradesh) and Chandrashekhar Azad's childhood was spent in Bhavra village. Due to the insistence of his mother Jagrani Devi, Chandrasekhar Azad had to go to Benaras to study Sanskrit in Kashi Vidyapeeth.

Revolutionary life

Chandrashekhar Azad was deeply hurt and disturbed by the Jallianwala Bagh massacre in Amritsar in 1919. In 1921, when Mahatma Gandhi started the Non-Cooperation Movement, Chandrashekhar Azad actively participated in this revolutionary activity. He received his first sentence at the age of fifteen. Chandrashekhar Azad was caught for participating in revolutionary activities. When the magistrate asked him his name, he called his name Azad. Chandrasekhar Azad was sentenced to fifteen lashes. Every whip of the whip, Parayuva Chandrasekhar shouted "Bharat Mata ki Jai". Since then Chandrashekhar received the title of Azad and became known as Azad. Chandrasekhar Azad, who was working in the freedom movement, vowed that he would never be arrested by the British government and would die the death of independence.

After the non-cooperation movement was postponed, Chandrasekhar Azad was attracted to more aggressive and revolutionary ideals. He committed himself to liberate the country at any cost. Chandrasekhar Azad, along with his allies, targeted British officers who were known for their repressive policies against ordinary people and freedom fighters. Chandrashekhar Azad was involved in incidents such as the Kakori train robbery (1926), the Viceroy's attempts to blow up the train (1926), and the shooting of Saunders to avenge Lala Lajpat Rai's death in Lahore (1928).

Chandrashekhar Azad along with Bhagat Singh and other patriots like Sukhdev and Rajguru formed the 'Hindustan Samajwadi Prajatantra Sabha'. Its purpose was to apply socialist principles to the future progress of India along with India's independence.

The death

Chandrasekhar Azad became a terror for the British police due to his revolutionary activities. He was on their hit list and the British government somehow wanted to catch him alive or dead. On 27 February 1931, Chandrasekhar Azad went to meet his two colleagues at Alfred Park, Allahabad. One of his informants betrayed him and informed the British police. The police surrounded the park from all sides and ordered Chandrasekhar Azad to surrender. Chandrasekhar Azad single-handedly killed three policemen while fighting bravely. But when he found himself surrounded and there seemed no way to escape, this heroic son of Mother India shot himself. Thus he kept his vow to never be caught alive.


His name is among the big revolutionaries of the country and his supreme sacrifice will always inspire the youth of the country.