Dr. babasaheb ambedkar

The original name of Dr. Babasaheb Ambedkar was Bhimrao. His father, Shri Ramji Vald Maloji, Sakpal Mhow was a military officer in the rank of Major Subedar. He and his wife Bhimabai spent the last year of their service in a barrack at the site of the birthplace memorial at Kali Paltan. Bhimrao was born here at 12 noon on April 14 in 1891, when Ramji Subedar was on his duty. The initial period of the child was disciplined in the lap of Kabir Panthi's father and Dharmapramayan mother.

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Education


Balak Bhimrao's primary education took place in Dapoli and Satara. He passed the matriculation examination in 1907 from the Elphinstone School in Bombay. A reception was organized on the occasion and as a gift, his teacher Shri Krishnaji Arjun Keluskar gave him a handwritten book 'Buddha Charitra'. Having received the fellowship of Baroda Naresh Sayaji Rao Gaikwad, Bhimrao passed his undergraduate examination in 1912 from the University of Mumbai. Due to being forbidden to read Sanskrit, he passed with Persian.

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Columbia University of America


B.A. After MA He joined the Columbia University of America after getting the fellowship of Sayaji Gaikwad, Baroda King, for the study of. In 1915, he passed the postgraduate degree examination. For this, he wrote his research 'Commerce of Ancient India'. Then in 1916, he received his Ph.D. from Columbia University, USA. Degree, his Ph.D. The theme of the research was the 'decentralization of natural finance in British India'.

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London School of Economics and Political Science


At the end of the fellowship, he was to return to India, so he was returning via Britain. He did his M.Sc. in the London School of Economics and Political Science there. And registered himself for the degree of Bar-at-Law in D.Sc and Law Institute and returned to India. First of all, according to the condition of the scholarship, he accepted the responsibility of a military officer and financial advisor in the court of the King of Baroda. He returned to Mumbai after some time due to the serious problem of not being ready to hire him in the entire city.

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Dalit representation


There he lived his life with his wife Ramabai, part-time teacher and advocate for completing his incomplete studies by staying in Dubak Chawl and Shramik Colony in Parel. In 1919, Dr. Ambedkar gave evidence in favor of Dalit representation in politics before the Southborough Commission set up for political reform.

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Work to make the illiterate and poor people aware


 To create awareness for the mute and illiterate and poor people, he edited the silent and excluded India weekly magazines, and to complete his incomplete studies, he went to London and Germany and went to M.Sc., D.Sc., and Barrister. Received the degrees The research topic of his M.Sc. was the analytical study of the reciprocal decentralization of imperial finance and the subject of his D.Sc degree was the origin and remedy of the rupee and the history of Indian practice and banking.

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D. Litt. Awarded honorary titles of


Babasaheb Dr. Ambedkar received LL.D. from Columbia University and D.L.T. from Osmania University. He was awarded honorary titles of In this way, Dr. Ambedkar became an inspiration for the global youth as he was named BA, MA, MSc, Ph.D., Barrister, DSC, D.Litt. A total of 26 titles are connected.

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Contribution:

  Bharat Ratna Dr. B. R. Ambedkar made a significant contribution to nation-building in 65 years of his life by doing countless works in various fields, social, economic, political, educational, religious, historical, cultural, literary, industrial, constitutional, etc.





 Are the following:-

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Social and Religious Contribution:

Human rights such as temple entry of Dalits and Dalit tribals, drinking of water, untouchability, casteism, eradication of social evils like Och-Neech Manusmriti Dahan (1927), Mahad Satyagraha (the year 1928), Nashik Satyagraha (the year 1930), Yevla's roar (1935).

During the years 1927 to 1956, he edited five weekly and fortnightly periodicals named Silent Nayak, Bahishkrit Bharat, Samata, Janata, and Prabuddha Bharat to awaken the beleaguered, the exploited and the uneducated.

Enabling students from weaker sections to study and earn income through their Dalit class education society (Est. 1924) through hostels, night schools, libraries, and educational activities. In 1945, through his People's Education Society, he established the Siddharth College in Mumbai and the Milind College in Aurangabad. Intellectual, Scientific, Reputation, Buddhism with Indian Culture took initiation in Nagpur on 14 October 1956 with 5 lakh people and restored Buddhism in India through its final treatise "The Buddha and His Dhamma" Paved the way.

His treatise called Jati Pant Todak Mandal (the year 1937), Lahore, prepared for the session of his speech, called the elimination of caste discrimination, liberated Indian society from the myth, superstition, and superstition prevalent in the scriptures. Through the provision of divorce, inheritance in property, etc. through the Hindu Bill Code, he struggled throughout his life for its implementation.

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Economic, Financial and Administrative Contribution

The Reserve Bank of India was established in India from 1935 on the basis of the problem of the research paper Rupees written by Dr. Ambedkar - its origin and remedy and the history of Indian practice and banking, texts and his evidence before the Hilton Young Commission.

The Finance Commission was established in the country on the basis of his second research work 'Development of Provincial Finance in British India'.

The idea of increasing yields, sustainable electricity, and water supply through cooperative farming in agriculture. Industrial development, water harvesting, irrigation, increasing the productivity and income of workers and farmers, cultivating collective and cooperative development, establishing a sovereign republic dominated by state ownership of land and nationalization.

In 1945, he examined the multipurpose suitability of the management of Mahanadi for the country with multi-purpose economic policies of hydropower and industrialization like linking of rivers and drains, Hirakud Dam, Damodar Valley Dam, Son River Valley Project, National Waterways, Central Water and Power Authority Paved the way for making. The proposal of the Central Waterways and Irrigation Commission proposed in 1944 was approved by the Viceroy on 4 April 1945 and proposed to implement the techniques of large dams in India.

He presented a network structure of a strong technical organization for the development of India.

He paved the way for meaningful use of water management and development and natural resources in the service of the country.

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Constitution and Nation Building

He prepared the Indian Constitution based on equality, equality, fraternity and humanity with hard work of 02 years 11 months and 17 days and handed over the then President Dr. Rajendra Prasad on 26 November 1949 to all the citizens of the country for national unity, integrity, and individual The culture of dignity overwhelmed the Indian culture.

In 1951, he tried to get the Hindu Code of Women Empowerment passed and, if not passed, resigned as the first law minister of independent India. In the year 1955, by publishing his treatise on linguistic states, it was proposed to reorganize Andhra Pradesh, Madhya Pradesh, Bihar, Uttar Pradesh, and Maharashtra into small and manageable states, which came true in some states after 45 years.

Election Commission, Planning Commission, Finance Commission, Uniform Civil Hindu Code for Women, State Reorganization, Organizing Large Size States into Small Size, Directive Principles of State Policy, Fundamental Rights, Human Rights, Comptroller and Auditor General, Election Commissioner And formulated strong social, economic, educational and foreign policy strengthening the political structure.

In order to strengthen democracy, the three organs of the state made the judiciary, the executive and the legislature independent and separate and introduced the elements of one person, one vote and one value in accordance with equal civil rights.

The constitution ensured the participation of people of scheduled castes and tribes in the legislature, executive and judiciary and paved the way for participation in any kind of legislatures like gram panchayat, Zilla panchayat, panchayat raj, etc. in future.


 Along with cooperative and collective farming, nationalization of available land, establishing state ownership on land and keeping public primary enterprises like banking, insurance, etc. undertakings strongly recommended under state control and employing unemployed laborers dependent on small agricultural holdings He recommended industrialization to provide more opportunities.
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Education, Social Security, and Labor Welfare

As a Minister of Labor in the Viceroy's Council, for the welfare of workers, from 12 hours to 8 hours, equal work equal pay, maternity leave, paid leave, Employees' State Insurance Scheme, Health Protection, Employees Provident Fund Act 1952, For the interests of laborers and weaker sections and to participate in power directly, by setting up an independent Mazdoor Party, the Mumbai Presidency of 1937 The discharge of 17, he 15 seats.

Under the Employees State Insurance, health, leisure, crippling assistance, compensation for accidental loss while working and many other protective facilities were included in labor welfare.

He was instrumental in passing the Security Amendment Bill of 1944 to the daily allowance of employees, facility of leisure to irregular employees, review of salary category of employees, provident fund, coal mines and workers working in Mika Mining.

In 1946, he laid the foundation of labor welfare policy from residence, water supply, education, recreation, cooperative management, etc. and started the Indian Labor Conference which is still going on continuously, in which the burning issues of workers are discussed every year in the presence of the Prime Minister. And efforts are made to resolve it.

It was formed in January 1944 by forming an advisory committee for the implementation of the Labor Welfare Fund. The Indian Statistical Act was passed to make rules related to the condition of labor, daily wages, other sources of income, inflation, credit, housing, employment, deposits and other funds and labor disputes.

On November 8, 1943, by activating the Indian Workers Act, pending since 1926, it proposed the Indian Labor Union Amendment Bill and strictly enforced the labor union. Health insurance scheme, Provident Fund Act, Factory Amendment Act, Workers Disputes Act, Minimum Wages Act, and Legal Handling Acts were enacted for the welfare of workers.